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晓木虫»学术杂谈»2015年全球大学科技竞争力排名公布
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2015年全球大学科技竞争力排名公布

晓木虫晓木虫官方认证 发表于 2016-1-7 18:15  
查看: 101089|回复: 10|显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

1月6日,四川大学全球大学科技竞争力研究所发布2015年度全球大学科技竞争力排名。

“全球大学科技竞争力排名”(Scientific and Technological Competitiveness Ranking of Global University,简称STCRGU)是专门针对全球高校科技竞争力进行科学评价的排名体系。STCRGU采用四项量化指标进行科技竞争力的分析和排名,这些指标涵盖了科技产出总数、高质量科技成果数量和国际专利数量,保证了评价结果的科学性、客观性、准确性和透明性。

STCRGU(2015)列出了2014年10月至2015年9月期间全球科技竞争力排名前200位的大学,排名全球第一名的是哈佛大学,位列第二名至第十名的大学分别是斯坦福大学、多伦多大学、麻省理工学院、约翰霍普金斯大学、密歇根大学、伦敦大学学院、牛津大学、华盛顿大学、宾夕法尼亚大学。其中,哈佛大学的科技产出总数得分和高质量科技成果数量得分均为最高,麻省理工学院的国际专利数量得分为最高。中国大陆地区共有18所大学上榜,其中位列世界前100名的大学包括清华大学、北京大学、浙江大学、上海交通大学、中国科学院大学、复旦大学、南京大学、中山大学、四川大学。其中,北京大学和清华大学拥有较高的高质量科技成果数量得分和国际专利数量得分,上海交通大学和浙江大学拥有较高的科技产出总数得分。

STCRGU是对目前世界大学排名系统的一个有益补充,它更强调大学的最新科技研究成果产出,为世界高等教育机构科技竞争力的评价提供了新的思路和工具,为广大专家学者、教师、学生、政府、高校管理人员和企业界人士了解大学科技水平和国际竞争力提供信息支撑。开展世界大学科技竞争力评价可以更好地满足政府和大学科技管理需要,通过分析比较排名情况,科学制定大学发展战略,不断提高科技研究质量和创新水平,提升大学核心竞争力,对推动科技创新和社会发展具有重要的引导作用。(潘希)

评价方法

STCRGU选取四项以科技实力为导向的量化指标进行排名计算,包括被科学引文索引(SCI)收录的论文数(占STCRGU排名总分的60%)、发表在《自然》(《Nature》)和《科学》(《Science》)杂志的论文数(占总分的20%)、申请国际专利数量(占总分的10%)以及在最新自然指数(Nature Index)中的WFC分数(占总分的10%)。其中,SCI收录论文数指标反映了科技产出总数,发表在《自然》和《科学》杂志论文数指标以及自然指数WFC分数指标反映了高质量科技成果数量。STCRGU(2015)统计了在2014年10月1日至2015年9月30日期间发表公布的文章和专利。对于每一个指标,若某一大学在某一文章或专利中有署名,则该大学该项指标数值增加1。具有最大数值的大学的得分为100分乘以该指标在总分中的权重系数(即该项最高得分),其它机构的计算方法为其数值与最大数值的百分比乘以该项最高得分。每所大学的总分为四项指标得分的总和。所有大学根据最终的总分进行排名,在排名中具有较高总分的学校则具有较强的科技竞争力。

全球大学科技竞争力排名网址:kjjz.scu.edu.cn


Scientific and Technological Competitiveness
Ranking of Global University 2015

Ranking
University
Total Score

1
Harvard University
93.799

2
Stanford University
45.791

3
University of Toronto
39.548

4
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
37.936

5
Johns Hopkins University
37.756

6
University of Michigan
35.436

7
University College London
34.397

8
University of Oxford
33.889

9
University of Washington
32.340

10
University of Pennsylvania
32.125

11
Columbia University
31.421

12
University of Cambridge
31.232

13
Tsinghua University
29.792

14
The University of Tokyo
29.226

15
University of California, Berkeley
28.990

16
Seoul National University
28.616

17
Imperial College London
27.949

18
University of California, Los Angeles
27.791

19
University of California, San Diego
27.082

20
Yale University
26.468

21
Cornell University
26.334

22
Peking University
25.215

23
University of Copenhagen
24.933

24
Duke University
24.289

25
University of California, San Francisco
23.733

26
Zhejiang University
23.021

27
University of Chicago
22.916

28
University of Sao Paulo
22.706

29
California Institute of Technology
22.163

30
University of Minnesota
22.090

31
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
22.021

32
University of Sydney
21.779

33
University of Pittsburgh
21.743

34
University of Colorado Boulder
21.637

35
University of British Columbia
21.389

36
The University of Texas at Austin
21.185

37
Northwestern University (US)
21.099

38
Pierre and Marie Curie University (Paris 6)
20.970

39
Kyoto University
20.834

40
University of Wisconsin-Madison
20.475

41
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich)
20.437

42
The Ohio State University
20.355

43
University of Melbourne
20.182

44
University of Florida
20.140

45
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
19.585

46
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
19.230

47
National University of Singapore
19.198

48
McGill University
18.971

49
The University of Queensland
18.834

50
New York University
18.315

51
University of California, Davis
18.313

52
Mayo Medical School
18.265

53
University of Manchester
17.727

54
Washington University in St Louis
17.664

55
University of Leuven (KU Leuven)
17.550

56
Fudan University
17.159

57
Emory University
17.044

58
King's College London
16.971

59
Heidelberg University
16.958

60
Karolinska Institutet
16.883

61
Osaka University
16.732

62
National Taiwan University
16.717

63
University of Munich (LMU Munich)
16.549

64
Pennsylvania State University
16.504

65
Monash University
16.499

66
University of Southern California
16.297

67
Vanderbilt University
16.260

68
Utrecht University
16.207

69
Humboldt University of Berlin
15.624

70
Tohoku University
15.541

71
Yonsei University
15.438

72
Free University of Berlin
15.234

73
University of Alberta
15.228

74
University of Barcelona
15.181

75
University of Utah
15.128

76
Princeton University
15.003

77
Nanjing University
14.903

78
University of Edinburgh
14.810

79
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
14.768

80
Sun Yat-sen University
14.766

81
University of Maryland, College Park
14.570

82
University of Zurich
14.567

83
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
14.500

84
Aarhus University
14.485

85
Texas A&M University
14.469

86
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
14.399

87
University of Rome
14.393

88
University of Groningen
14.389

89
Ghent University
14.216

90
Tel Aviv University
13.988

91
University of New South Wales
13.973

92
University of Amsterdam
13.858

93
The University of Arizona
13.703

94
Baylor College of Medicine
13.639

95
Sichuan University
13.528

96
Nanyang Technological University
13.286

97
Aix-Marseille University
12.944

98
Boston University
12.830

99
Technical University of Munich
12.735

100
University of Paris-Sud (Paris 11)
12.681

101
University of Bristol
12.612

102
University of Paris Diderot (Paris 7)
12.441

103
Uppsala University
12.422

104
University of Science and Technology of China
12.369

105
Huazhong University of Science and Technology
12.164

106
Jilin University
12.136

107
Shandong University
12.135

108
Leiden University
12.092

109
University of Montreal
12.091

110
Sungkyunkwan University
12.086

111
VU University Amsterdam
12.064

112
University of Helsinki
11.981

113
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne
11.772

114
Radboud University Nijmegen
11.733

115
University of California, Irvine
11.644

116
University of Oslo
11.619

117
Lund University
11.592

118
Nagoya University
11.537

119
University of Milan
11.527

120
University of Southampton
11.474

121
University of Western Australia
11.455

122
Xi'an Jiaotong University
11.136

123
University of Padua
11.103

124
Michigan State University
11.092

125
University of Geneva
11.073

126
Korea University
11.039

127
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
10.976

128
Case Western Reserve University
10.975

129
University of Hamburg
10.950

130
Kyushu University
10.864

131
Erasmus University Rotterdam
10.856

132
Purdue University
10.824

133
Arizona State University
10.563

134
University of Bern
10.521

135
The University of Virginia
10.445

136
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
10.437

137
University of Bonn
10.310

138
Hokkaido University
10.280

139
University of Tubingen
10.259

140
University of Basel
10.169

141
The University of Hong Kong
10.165

142
Wuhan University
10.152

143
University of Glasgow
10.135

144
University of Bologna
10.063

145
Georgia Institute of Technology
10.054

146
McMaster University
10.044

147
Central South University
10.001

148
University of Rochester
9.992

149
University of Birmingham
9.920

150
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
9.916

151
University of Ottawa
9.907

152
University of Nottingham
9.875

153
Harbin Institute of Technology
9.803

154
Australian National University
9.780

155
University of Gottingen
9.727

156
University of South Florida
9.637

157
University of Calgary
9.549

158
University of Freiburg
9.534

159
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
9.443

160
King Abdulaziz University
9.436

161
University of Leeds
9.373

162
King Saud University
9.333

163
University of Sheffield
9.301

164
Brown University
9.267

165
University of Liverpool
9.228

166
Lomonosov Moscow State University
9.188

167
Tongji University
9.184

168
Paris Descartes University (Paris 5)
9.083

169
Joseph Fourier University
9.044

170
University of Maryland, Baltimore
8.999

171
Dresden University of Technology
8.986

172
Autonomous University of Barcelona
8.871

173
Soochow University
8.848

174
University of Iowa
8.817

175
National Autonomous University of Mexico
8.801

176
University of California, Santa Barbara
8.769

177
University of Lisbon
8.757

178
Tokyo Institute of Technology
8.730

179
University of Georgia
8.672

180
Charles University in Prague
8.520

181
Newcastle University
8.506

182
North Carolina State University
8.496

183
University of Cologne
8.491

184
University of Munster
8.405

185
RWTH Aachen University
8.355

186
University of Adelaide
8.343

187
University of Illinois, Chicago
8.332

188
University of Western Ontario
8.240

189
University of Alabama at Birmingham
8.023

190
University of Miami
7.998

191
Yeshiva University
7.992

192
Indiana University Bloomington
7.944

193
Hanyang University
7.932

194
University of Wurzburg
7.896

195
Technical University of Denmark
7.807

196
Chinese University of Hong Kong
7.736

197
University of Turin
7.673

198
Stony Brook University
7.671

199
Claude Bernard University Lyon 1
7.653

200
National Cheng Kung University
7.457



2015年全球大学科技竞争力排名公布
101055132 发表于 2016-9-28 22:45   显示全部楼层
以后多分享一些这样的有价值的帖子啊
cludyh 发表于 2016-9-29 01:04   显示全部楼层
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辑文编译4044 发表于 2016-9-29 10:03   显示全部楼层
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小小柳叶 发表于 2016-9-29 14:03   显示全部楼层
好东西一定要看看!
CosmicJerk 发表于 2016-9-29 17:08   显示全部楼层
好东西一定要看看!
doudou 发表于 2016-9-29 18:44   显示全部楼层
论坛有你更精彩!
寂静的夜 发表于 2016-9-30 00:22   显示全部楼层
以后多分享一些这样的有价值的帖子啊
yellowgirl21 发表于 2016-9-30 07:16   显示全部楼层
以后多分享一些这样的有价值的帖子啊
hxk06102558 发表于 2016-9-30 14:43   显示全部楼层
谢谢您的分享!
gxrshoulderknee 发表于 2016-9-30 15:38   显示全部楼层
好东西一定要看看!
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